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Artefact ID377
TM IDTM 61798
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. IX 1170; Gregory-Aland P19; 𝔓19; NT19

A larger sized fragment containing the 2 Gospel of Matthew 10-11. The fragment is singular in its avoidance of nomina sacra and theological contractions in a New Testament context.

The papyrus is preserved almost completely at the top and bottom, but the sides and surface has suffered damage. The script is an upright uncial comparable to P.Oxy. IX 1169 (5/6 c.), and it is written in a brown ink with some instances of diaereses; see ed. pr.

The text contains a unique reading in l. 7 (an οὖν that is otherwise absent from the MSS), and is posited by the ed. pr. as the earliest witness for αὐτόν in this position in Matt 10:32 (though it appears in reversed word order in MS D). The text also omits Matthew 10:37b and 10:38, agreeing with the MSS B*/D and M respectively. This double omission occurs also in Shem Tob's Hebrew Matthew, a text that post-dates this fragment; see Howard 1995: 186-187. 

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical)
Date from400
Date to499
Dating criteria

Palaeography. Dated to the 5th c. by the ed. pr. by comparison with the later P.Oxy. IX 1169 (5/6 c.), which is presented as a later fragment. Also commonly dated 4th/5th c.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Gr. bib. d. 6 (P).


Editio princeps:

∙ Hunt, Arthur S. 1912. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part IX. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 7-9, no. 1170.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Aland, Kurt. 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri: 1. Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Neues Testament 19.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 48.

∙ Howard, George. 1995. Hebrew gospel of Matthew. Macon, Ga: Mercer Univ. Press. 186-187.

∙ van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Description no. 357.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 377", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,