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Artefact ID39
TM IDTM 107982
Findspot (DEChriM ID)-   ()
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentLiterary

P.Lond.Copt. II 189

Fragment from the innermost end of a papyrus roll bearing a Coptic translation of the Didache or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (10-12). The text is the unique witness of a variety of Fayyumic dialect (subdialect V5, according to Rodolphe Kasserʼs classification; Kasser 1990, 147). The papyrus might originate from the Oxyrynchite nome, based on the dialect, but provenance is not certain.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Non-canonical), Coptic language
Date from301
Date to450
Dating criteria

Palaeography (Victor Ghica, Alin Suciu): early forms of f, x, and s, comparable to those featured in 4th c. manuscripts such as the codices from Naǧʿ Ḥammādī, Budgeʼs Deuteronomy Codex (British Library Or. 7594 / P.Lond.Copt. II 1) or the Akhmimic papyrus codices BnF 135A, 135B, 135C, and 135E+Berlin P. 1862.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

London, British Library, Or. 9271


Editio Princeps

• Horner, George William. 1924. "A New Papyrus Fragment of the Didaché in Coptic."  Journal of Theological Studies 25 (99): 225-231.

Reference edition

• Lefort, L. Th. 1952. Les pères apostoliques en copte, Scriptores Coptici. Louvain: Imprimerie Orientaliste, ix-xv; 32-24.

Additional Bibliography

• Funk, W.-P. 1987. "Die Zeugen des koptischen Literaturdialekts I7."  Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 114,117-133: 118n7.

• Kahle, Paul E. 1954. Bala'izah. Coptic Texts from Deir El-Bala'izah in Upper Egypt. Vol. 1. London: Oxford University Press, 225-227.

• Kahle, Paul E. 1954. Bala'izah. Coptic Texts from Deir El-Bala'izah in Upper Egypt. Vol. 2. London: Oxford University Press, 888-889.

• Kasser, Rodolphe. 1990. "A Standard System of Sigla for Referring to the Dialects of Coptic." Journal of Coptic Studies 1,141-151: 147.

• Layton, Bentley. 1987. Catalogue of Coptic literary manuscripts in the British Library acquired since the year 1906. London: The British Library, 236-237 [no. 189].

• Schmidt, Carl. 1925. "Das koptische Didache-Fragment des British Museum " Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 24: 81-99.

Victor Ghica, Mary Jane Cuyler, 2020-21, 2020
Suggested citation
Victor Ghica, Mary Jane Cuyler, 2020-21, 2020, "Artefact ID 39", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,