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Artefact ID601
TM IDTM 154393
Findspot (DEChriM ID)19   (Biʾr Šawīš)
Writing mediumOstracon
Text contentDocumentary

O.BirShawish. 23: Receipt for a chicken and eggs.

Receipt issued by Joseph and delivered to Abraham. One Joseph, priest, collects rent payment of Abraham son of Jacob on behalf of his landlord in O.BirShawish 25.

For similar text, see also O.Bahria 2.

Selection criteriaChristian onomastics
Date from394
Date to410
Dating criteria

Palaeography, archaeological context (House 3) and archive connection (Abraham son of Jacob) give a range of 375-425.

8th indiction could be either year 394/395 or 409/410

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

House 3, Room 12, SU 12

Accession number

El-Bawiti, Museum number unknown; Biʾr Šawīš, excavation no. 16.3/BS/07.


Reference edition

Dospěl, Marek. 2020. Ostraka and Other Inscribed Material from Bīr Shawīsh, Small Oasis. Excavation Seasons 2005 and 2007. Ann Arbor: The American Society of Papyrologists, 65, no. 23.

Previous publications

• Dospěl, Marek. 2012. "New Texts from the al-Hayz Oasis – a Preliminary Teport." In Actes du 26e Congrès international de papyrologie (Genève, 16–21 août 2010), edited by P. Schubert. Geneva: Droz, 193-198.

• Dospěl, Marek. 2009. "Křesťanství a křesťané v Egyptě a v Západní poušti zvlášť" [Christianity and Christians in Egypt, with special attention to Egypt's Western Desert]." In Ostrovy zapomnění edited by M. Bárta, 277-312.

Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, "Artefact ID 601", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,