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Artefact ID613
TM IDTM 748615
Findspot (DEChriM ID)19   (Biʾr Šawīš)
ClassCooking/table/transport/storage ware, Textual
Writing mediumGraffito
Text contentDocumentary

I.BirShawish 8; SEG LXIII 1659: Jug with χμβ.

One-handled water jar or pitcher; incised after firing, over the shoulder of the jug; rough execution.

Possible isopsephisms (an error for χμγ = θεὸς βοηθός?) and acronyms (Χριστός, Μαρία βοηθοί; Χριστός, Μαρία βοηθεῖτε?)

Selection criteriaChristian symbols/gestures/isopsephy
Date from300
Date to499
Dating criteria

Archaeological context (House 3).

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

House 3, Room 11W, SU 5

Accession number

El-Bawiti, Museum number unknown; Biʾr Šawīš, excavation no. 243/BS/07


Reference edition

• Dospěl, Marek. 2020. Ostraka and Other Inscribed Material from Bīr Shawīsh, Small Oasis. Excavation Seasons 2005 and 2007. Ann Arbor: The American Society of Papyrologists, 115-117, no. 8.

First publication

• Dospěl, Marek. 2013. "Written, Inscribed and SomeDecrated Material from Bir Shawish, El-Hayz Oasis." In Bahriya Oasis; Recent Research into the Past of an Egyptian Oasis edited by M. Dospěl and L. Siková. Prague, 99-101.

Additional bibliography

• Delattre, A., J. Dijkstra and J. van der Vliet. 2014. "Christian Inscriptions from Egypt and Nubia 1." Bulletin of American Society of Papyrologists 51, 210.

Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, "Artefact ID 613", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links