Get Social With Us



Artefact ID712
TM IDTM 34137
Findspot (DEChriM ID)15   (al-Baǧawāt)
Writing mediumGraffito
Text contentSubliterary

I.Oasis p. 64 no. 3; SB XX 14850; SEG XXXVIII 1699: Visitor's inscription.

Three lines left by Kyros, son of Athanasios, "most humble sinner", praying for god's help for him and for Esdra for the "last journey". The inscription is dated March 14, indiction 6.

Kyros left another inscription later, when his father was dead, where we learn that he comes from Hibis, see I.Oasis p. 66 no. 7. Nine other inscription of his at al-Baǧawāt are yet to be published (Roquet, Ghica nos. 3.016, 3.043, 3.098, 6.3, 6.1, 6.6, 12.04, 12.06, 31.064).

Wagner suggests that Esdra could be the same as the priest who left graffiti in the nearby Gebel Teir, see I.Gebel Teir, p. 15 no. I, 6 and I.Gebel Teir, p. 19 no. I, 16.

Selection criteriaChristian terms/formulas/concepts, Christian symbols/gestures/isopsephy, Nomina sacra, Archaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from350
Date to499
Dating criteria

Palaeography and dossier connection.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Acc. to Fakhry 1951: 137, chapel no. 90 is one of the largest and best-preserved ones in the necropolis and it is the most conspicuous in that part of it. All the walls of this chapel, in the interior and at the exterior were covered with a layer of white plaster but no paintings are noticed.

Accession number

Al-Baǧawāt, in situ (Chapel no. 90 / Roquet, Ghica no. 6.06)


Editio princeps

• Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis d'Égypte à l'époque grecque, romaine et byzantine d'après les documents grecs. Le Caire: Ifao, 64, no. 3 and pl. XXV.

Additional bibliography

• Devauchelle, Didier and Guy Wagner. 1984. Les graffites du Gebel Teir. Cairo: Ifao, 15 and 19.

• Fakhry, Ahmed. 1951. The Necropolis of El-Bagawat in Kharga Oasis. Cairo: Government press, 137.  

• Pleket, H.W. and Stroud, R.S. 1988. “SEG 38-1697-1725. Khargeh Oasis (Bagawat). Inscriptions, graffiti, funerary stelai.” In Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, Current editors: A. T. E. N. Chaniotis Corsten Stavrianopolou Papazarkadas. Consulted online (2021).

Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2022
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2022, "Artefact ID 712", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links