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Artefact ID72
TM IDTM 61795
Findspot (DEChriM ID)31   (Dayr al-Balāyza)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary, Subliterary
LanguageGreek, Coptic

P.Bal. I 25

Fragment of a folio from a bilingual parchment codex containing a Greek-Coptic (Sahidic) lectionary with the Gospel of Matthew 5:17-19 in Coptic, and 7:28 and 8:3-4, 7-9 in Greek. The oldest lectionary on parchment according to Van Haelst 1974: 130 (no. 351).

The text is written in sloping uncials of the 4th c., by the same scribe as P.Bal. I 22 according to

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical), Subliterary genre (Liturgical), Coptic language
Date from300
Date to399
Dating criteria


Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

All of the material published by Kahle in 1954 was excavated in early 1907 at a monastery of Saint Apollo under the direction of Flinders Petrie (Kahle 1954, 2-3). There were no records indicating precise find-spots of the manuscripts, Crum states that they were scattered.

Accession number

Oxford, Bodleian Library Ms. Copt. f. 5


Editio princeps

• Kahle, Paul E. 1954. Bala'izah. Coptic Texts from Dier El-Bala'izah in Upper Egypt. Vol. 1, London: Oxford University Press, 399-402 + pl. 1.3. 

Additional Bibliography

• Crum, W.E. 1907. "The Coptic Manuscripts." In Gizeh and Rifeh. British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account, edited by Flinders Petrie, 39-43. London: School of Archaeology in Egypt.

• van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris, no. 351 descr.

Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021
Suggested citation
Mary Jane Cuyler, Victor Ghica, 2020, 2021, "Artefact ID 72", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,