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Artefact ID543
TM ID87194
Findspot (DEChriM ID)34   (Ǧabal al-Ṭārif)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.NagHamm. C 5

Letter from Aphrodisi(os) to Sansnos in Coptic (L) written on the back of a letter sent to the same Aphrodisios (P.NagHamm. C 4). The addressee seems to be the same Sansnos whose name appears extensively in the correspondence in the cover of Nag Hammadi Codex VII. Aphrodisi(os) asks Sansnos to postpone the sending of wheat which he had asked for. The delay is justified by his sickness, which seems to be so severe that he does not know whether he will survive ("for I do not know what is going to befall me, whether I shall come out of the body or I shall live"). He further asks Sansnos to get some money from a certain Abraham and give a part of the sum to a Moses. The sums of these transactions are large. The letter stands out by the extraordinarily large amount of spelling and grammatical errors.

Selection criteriaMention of Christian individuals/communities, Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Coptic language
Date from325
Date to375
Dating criteria

Found in the cartonnage of the book bindings in the cover of Nag Hammadi Codex VII

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Cairo, Coptic Museum, Nag Hamm. VII 94 c Vso + Nag Hamm. VII 95 c Vso + Nag Hamm. VII 96 c Vso


Editio princeps

• Barns †, John Wintour B., Gerald M. Brown, and John C. Shelton. 1981. Nag Hammadi Codices: Greek and Coptic Papyri From the Cartonnage of the Covers, Nag Hammadi Studies XVI. Leiden: Brill, 133-134 & 137-138.

Additional bibliography

• Choat, Malcolm. 2017. "Monastic Letters on Papyrus from Late Antique Egypt." In Writing and Communication in Early Egyptian Monasticism, edited by Malcolm Choat and Maria Chiara Giorda, 33-36 [17–72]. Leiden & Boston: Brill.

• Lundhaug, Hugo, and Lance Jenott. 2015. The Monastic Origins of the Nag Hammadi Codices, Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 97. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 46-54 esp. 47-53 & 104-145 esp. 129-130.

• Piwowarczyk, Przemysław, and Ewa Wipszycka. 2017. "A Monastic Origin of the Nag Hammadi Codices?" Adamantius 23: 432-458.

Matthias Müller, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023
Suggested citation
Matthias Müller, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023, "Artefact ID 543", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,