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Artefact ID542
TM IDTM 87193
Findspot (DEChriM ID)34   (Ǧabal al-Ṭārif)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentDocumentary

P.NagHamm. C 4

Letter from Daniel to his "beloved father" Aphrodisios in Coptic (S with some dialectal influences). The letter is simply asking for news from Aphrodisios in the context of his "serious illness" (l. 5-6), about which we are also informed in P.NagHamm. C 5. Daniel  expresses his relief about Aphrodisios' apparent recovery. Both sender and addressee are members of religious communities. Aphrodisios in particular seems to have held a leadership position, judging by the way he is addressed by Daniel. The letter was reused by Aphrodisios, who, despite his status, was much less literate than Daniel, to write a letter to Sansnos (P.NagHamm. C 5).

Selection criteriaMention of Christian cult officials/institutions, Mention of Christian individuals/communities, Christian terms/formulas/concepts, Coptic language
Date from301
Date to400
Dating criteria

From the cartonnage of the book bindings in the cover of Nag Hammadi Codex VII

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context-
Accession number

Cairo, Coptic Museum, Nag Hamm. VII 94 c Ro + Nag Hamm. VII 95 c Ro + Nag Hamm. VII 96 c Ro


Editio princeps

• Barns †, John Wintour B., Gerald M. Brown, and John C. Shelton. 1981. Nag Hammadi Codices: Greek and Coptic Papyri From the Cartonnage of the Covers, Nag Hammadi Studies XVI. Leiden: Brill, 133-137.

Additional bibliography

• Choat, Malcolm. 2017. "Monastic Letters on Papyrus from Late Antique Egypt." In Writing and Communication in Early Egyptian Monasticism, edited by Malcolm Choat and Maria Chiara Giorda, 33-36 [17–72]. Leiden & Boston: Brill.

• Lundhaug, Hugo, and Lance Jenott. 2015. The Monastic Origins of the Nag Hammadi Codices, Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 97. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 46-54 espec. 47-49 & 104-145 esp. 129-131.

• Piwowarczyk, Przemysław, and Ewa Wipszycka. 2017. "A Monastic Origin of the Nag Hammadi Codices?" Adamantius 23: 432-458.

Matthias Müller, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023
Suggested citation
Matthias Müller, Victor Ghica, 2021, 2023, "Artefact ID 542", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links