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Artefact ID711
TM IDTM 32195
Findspot (DEChriM ID)15   (al-Baǧawāt)
Writing mediumGraffito
Text contentSubliterary

I.Oasis p. 73, no. 19; SB XX 14865; SEG XXXVIII 1716: Allegory of Peace?

Name Eirene written above a crux ansata: either a name left by a visitor or rather an allegory like the one in the Chapel of Peace which is associated with the same inscription. The handwriting is ancient in Baǧawāt according to Wagner.

See also the painted inscription ("peace to all") in Dayr al-Baǧawāt ID 1382.

Selection criteriaChristian terms/formulas/concepts, Christian symbols/gestures/isopsephy, Archaeological context associated with Christian markers
Date from275
Date to325
Dating criteria

Palaeography, parallel with the Chapel of Peace and archaeological context. Wagner suggests the end of the 3rd c. on palaeographic grounds.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Description of chapel 23 according to Fakhry (1951: 116): No. 23 is the oldest of a group (with no. 24 and 25) in the centre of all other chapels, dominating the plain of Kharga. The facade had originally a portico of six pillars in front of it, whose ceiling was flat. Some of the holes and fragments of the sycamore logs are still preserved. The interior of the chapel has two large halls, the main burial haft was in the second one, with all the walls and columns covered with a fine layer of white plaster. When the two chapels 24 and 25 were built, new parts were added to no. 23 to connect it with them, there is even a small door which connected this chapel with no. 24.

Accession number

Al-Baǧawāt, in situ (Chapel no. 23 / Roquet, Ghica no. 32.09)


Editio princeps

• Wagner, Guy. 1987. Les oasis dʼÉgypte à lʼépoque grecque, romaine et byzantine dʼaprès les documents grecs. Le Caire: Ifao, 73, no. 19.

Additional biblography

•  Fakhry, Ahmed. 1951. The Necropolis of El-Bagawat in Kharga Oasis. Cairo: Government Press, 116 (no. 23).

• Pleket, H.W. and Stroud, R.S. 1988. “SEG 38-1697-1725. Khargeh Oasis (Bagawat). Inscriptions, graffiti, funerary stelai.” In Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, Current editors: A. T. E. N. Chaniotis Corsten Stavrianopolou Papazarkadas. Consulted online (2021).

Valérie Schram, 2021
Suggested citation
Valérie Schram, 2021, "Artefact ID 711", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,
External links