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Artefact ID327
TM IDTM 64490
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumSheet/roll
Text contentLiterary

P.Oxy. L 3529

Tall papyrus fragment containing l. 1-11 of the Passion of St. Dioscorus. The fragment probably belonged to a book roll, due to the lack of writing on the verso. The hand is described as "awkward and gawky", and would have pointed to a composition as early as the Roman period, but the date is necessarily pushed to the 4th c. due to the textual content; see ed. pr.

This fragment is the earliest attestation of the text of Dioscorus the Martyr and his persecution in Cynopolis. The text is complemented by much later Syriac (5/6 c.) and Latin (12/13 c.) parallels; see the ed. pr.

The text presents the beginning dialogue between Culcian and Dioscorus. The scene would have taken place in 306/307 Cynopolis (cf. l. 1 "Διο]κλητιανοῦ and the complete date in the Syriac parallell; see ed. pr.). This particular witness omits the short exchange between the clerk and the prefect which is found in the parallel texts; see ed. pr.

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Hagiographic), Nomina sacra
Date from307
Date to399
Dating criteria

Palaeography (compared with P.Oxy. XLIII 3106 and P.Beatty 8 12 (XII) as well as contextual evidence. The fragment necessarily postdates 307 due to the date found in the Syriac parallels; see the ed. pr.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

Accession number

Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, 42 5B 75/D(1-4)a.


Editio princeps:

∙ Bowman, A. K., H. M. Cockle, W. E. H. Cockle, et al., eds. 1983. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part L. Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs. London. 22-24, no. 3529 and plate no. 1.

Additional bibliography:

∙ Bagnall, Roger S. 2009. Early Christian books in Egypt. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. 43-44.

∙ Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas. Papyrus no. 98.

∙ Delehaye, Hippolyte. 1922. Les martyrs d'Égypte. AnBoll 40. Bruxelles: Bureau de la Société des Bollandistes. 7-41.

∙ Halkin, F. 1963. "L'Apologie du martyr Philéas de Thmuis (Papyrus Bodmer XX) et les Actes latins de Philéas et Philoromus". Analecta Bollandiana 81. 5–27.

∙ Luijendijk, Anne Marie. 2008. "Papyri from the Great Persecution: Roman and Christian Perspectives." Journal of Early Christian Studies 16 (3). 346 n. 12.

∙ Musurillo, H. 1972. The Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Oxford Early Christian Texts. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. 328-344.

∙ Nongbri, Brent. 2018. God's library: the archaeology of the earliest Christian manuscripts. 69-70, 280.

∙ Trombley, Frank R. 2001. Hellenic Religion and Christianization: c. 370-529. 2. ed. Boston. 243.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 327", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,