Get Social With Us



Artefact ID492
TM IDTM 61621
Findspot (DEChriM ID)28   (al-Bahnasā)
Writing mediumCodex
Text contentLiterary

PSI I 5; Gregory-Aland 0173

A parchment folio from a miniature codex containing the Epistle of James 1.25-27.

The fragment is a nearly complete folio from a miniature codex measuring 5.9 x 7.2 cm (original size is estimated to have been 6.5 x 7.2 cm). The page contains one column with 9 lines of text, and all four margins are preserved. Page numbers have been preserved above the columns, numbering the pages as "17" and "18" respectively. 

The ed. pr. estimates an original format of 24 folded sheets that would contained the complete Epistle of James.

The text is written in careful, upright and oval uncials with variation in the thickness of strokes. The impression is of a professional copy. The text does not contain nomina sacra, nor any punctuation or lectional aides.

The fragment is one of 3 Oxyrhyncan codices beginning with the Epistle of James; see Blymell / Wayment 2015: 180, who lists P.Oxy. X 1229 (late 3rd c.) and P.Oxy. LXV 4449 (3rd c.).

Selection criteriaLiterary genre (Biblical)
Date from350
Date to450
Dating criteria

Palaeography, The ed. pr. suggested a date in the 5th c. or even earlier, and a more recent assessment places the fragment in 4th c.; see Crisci 1985: 112-113.

Absolute/relative dateRelative date
Archaeological context

The parchment fragment was found in Al-Bahnasā (Oxyrhynchus).

Accession number

Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, inv. 13728.


Editio princeps:

∙ Pistelli, Ermenegildo. 1912. Papiri greci e latini I, edited by G. Vitelli  and M. Norsa. Florence.  no. 5.

Additional bibliography:

· Blumell, Lincoln H. and Thomas A. Wayment. 2015. Christian Oxyrynchus: Texts, Documents and Sources. Waco, Texas, no. 45.

∙ Crisci, Edoardo. 1985. "La maiuscola ogivale diritta. Origini, tipologie, dislocazioni". Scrittura e Civilità 9. 112-113 and pl. 1a.

∙ Naldini, Mario. 1965. Documenti dell'antichità cristiana : papiri e pergamene greco-egizie della Raccolta Fiorentina. Florence: F. Le Monnier, no. 21 and pl. 15.

· van Haelst, Joseph. 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris. Description no. 545.

Sofia Heim, 2021
Suggested citation
Sofia Heim, 2021, "Artefact ID 492", 4CARE database - Fourth-Century Christian Archaeological Record of Egypt,